Everything about intestinal bacteria in humans

Healthy, slim, fit and happy with the right bacteria in the gut

Autor:Jan Wellermann Jan Wellermann (Medical journalist)
Last updated:01.09.2021

Dear reader,

In this article you will learn everything about one of the most exciting and at the same time most important topics of today: intestinal bacteria.

They are of paramount importance for our health and our well-being. You influence, among other things:

– the body weight
– the energy level
– the state of mind
– the intelligence
mental health
– the function of the immune system
– the intestinal health and
– the overall health

You will learn in this article:
What are intestinal bacteria and what task they have
✅ How they affect our health and even our behavior
Whathealthy intestinal bacteria” are and how we supply and promote be able
✅ Which bacteria make us sick and what we have to do to contain them
✅ Which foods and recipes help a healthy microbiome To develop
✅ How you can lose weight easily and quickly with the help of intestinal bacteria
Darmsanierung: How to build a healthy intestinal flora with the right intestinal bacteria

 

 

Online test: Check the intestinal bacteria status now free of charge

You will also receive a free online test. With this you can now immediately have your intestinal bacteria status checked by our experts.

It starts immediately

 

1 Do you take pain medication regularly?

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2 Have you taken birth control pills in the past five years?

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3 Have you ever had a yeast infection or candidiasis?

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4 Have you had to take antibiotics several times in your life?

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5 Do you consume more sugary and starchy foods?

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6 Is it important to you that your food is high in fat?

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7 Do you have a skin condition such as acne vulgaris?

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8 Do you have any allergies or food intolerances?

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9 Do you suffer from bad breath?

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10 Do you have gum inflammation or gum disease?

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11 Do you feel full after eating?

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12 Do you suffer from a bloated stomach?

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13 Do you feel tired even after getting enough sleep?

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14 Do you have a coating on your tongue in the morning?

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15 Are there whitish bumps on your tongue?

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16 Do you have a "crack" in your tongue?

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17 Do you have frequent headaches?

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18 Do you eat ready meals several times a week?

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19 Do you give up fresh food?

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20 Are you overweight or having trouble losing weight?

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21 Do you have depressive moods or depression?

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22 Do you have mucus in your stool?

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23 Do you suffer from diarrhea and/or constipation?

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24 Do you smoke?

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25 Do you drink alcohol?

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26 Do you often have colds?

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27 Are you suffering from flatulence?

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28 Do you have food cravings?

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What are gut bacteria?

These are countless bacterial colonies that colonize the gastrointestinal tract.

They can be roughly classified into two categories:

 

Helpful "good" intestinal bacteria

– help us utilize our food
prevent that pathogens spread (probiotic effect) in the intestine
– and are extremely important for the function of our immune system. (80% of all defense reactions take place in the intestine) [1]

 

Disease-causing “bad” intestinal bacteria

eat our useful bacteria
promote pathogenic agents such as fungi, viruses and parasites
– can trigger inflammation
– Emit toxic metabolic products
[2]

 

7 fascinating facts about gut bacteria

1. The human intestine contains about 4 x 10 13 bacteria. That is 1.5 times what we have in body cells. [3]

2. The humanoid body consists of approximately 10 trillion human cells. In contrast, there are 100 trillion microbial cells in and on us. So every person has around 20,000 human genes and carries up to 20 million microbial genes. This means that we consider genetically to consist of at least 99% germs. [4]

More information
The number of bacteria in the digestive tract increases from top to bottom. There are much less in the stomach and small intestine than in the large intestine. Some bacterial strains settle in the intestinal mucosa, others pass through the intestine and are then excreted with the stool. [5]

3. There are around 1,000 different bacteria that can be found in the human intestine. In the digestive tract of a individual there are at least 160 different species. [6]

4. Everyone carries different intestinal bacteria and these have a completely different composition. This whole is called a microbiota. [7]

Digression
The microbiota is the totality of all microorganisms in and on our body.

The Mikrobiom denotes the genes of all microbes that colonize us. These include bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. [8]

5. Many nutrients can only be obtained from food through bacteria because our body lacks the necessary enzymes. These include the vitamins and minerals from grain products and high-fiber vegetables. [9]

6. Intestinal bacteria such as Escheria coli or Lactobacillus are able to produce nutrients such as vitamin K2 or folate. On the other hand, bacteria of the species Firmicutes consume vitamins in the intestine. For example Vitamin C or Vitamin B12. [10]

7. Most gut bacteria are anaerobic. That means they do not need (scientifically correct: only very little) oxygen to live. These include, for example:

– Bifidobacterium
– Bacteroides
– Clostridia
[11]

The aerobic bacterial strains include:

– Escherichia coli
– enterococci
– lactobacteria

These aerobes represent only 1% of the bacterial species occurring in the large intestine. [12]

 

 

Bacteria predominant in the intestine

The human intestinal flora consists predominantly of bacteria of the genera:

Firmicutes

– On average with 64% most frequent representatives [13]
– It tends to be more like “bad intestinal bacteria
Significantly involved in obesity:
* Up to 12% more calories by breaking down fiber into sugar
* Switches the body to economy mode (responsible for yo-yo effect) when dieting
Frequent representatives: [14]
* Bacilli
* Clostridia (including Eubacterium)
* Lactobacillus (belong to Bacilli, break down fiber into lactic acid, including Enterococcus)
* Streptococcus
* Lactococcus

Bacteroides

– With an average of 23% second most frequent representative [15]
– Some strains are slightly pathogenic
– Composition influences the intelligence quotient [16]
– Are more of a “slimmer[17]
* less fats from food are absorbed into the bloodstream
Frequent representatives: [18]
* Bacteroides fragilis (forms colonization resistance: bad bacteria are less able to colonize)* Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron

Proteobacteria

Most relevant representative:
* Escherichia coli (produces vitamin K, most species are not pathogenic)

Actinobacteria

Most relevant representative:
* Bifidobacterium (reduces stress, has a probiotic effect)

Notice
A strict distinction cannot always be made between whether a bacterium has useful or pathogenic properties in the human intestine. However, for example, bacterial species such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are only known to have health-promoting properties. [19]

 

 

How intestinal bacteria affect us

Over 500 studies prove: intestinal bacteria influence our thinking and actions. You control, among other things:

– Hunger
– appetite
– Fears
– feeling stressed
– Mood
– feelings and
– emotions

What can we do to optimize our intestinal bacteria?

An example: Research has shown that less anxious mice that receive germs from anxious animals become more anxious themselves. And accordingly, the germs of brave mice can calm the fearful ones. [20] The probiotic Lactobacillus helveticus, for example, is capable of causing fear Reduce mice. [21]

Can this also be transferred to people? Not directly, because:

The substitution of probiotics is completely meaningless in the vast majority of cases. Because as long as there are pathogenic fungi and parasites in the intestine, the probiotic cultures are immediately eaten or destroyed.

The yeast Candida albicans uses, for example, fungal poisons to suppress healthy intestinal bacteria, which he sees as predators. [22]

The first step towards a healthy microbiome

It is therefore important that you first determine whether there are parasitic organisms in your intestines.

To find out whether you (unnoticed) at a Candida infection suffer from intestinal rehabilitation would make impossible, click this button now:

 

You should also determine whether there are worms and/or other parasites are in your intestines. Take this online test now:

 

Important! If you are infected with parasites and/or Candida albicans, you should Parasite cleanse to promote your positive intestinal bacteria and contain the negative ones.

Parasites eat positive intestinal bacteria. There is therefore a lack of regulation for the disease-causing bacteria. Ergo: If these proliferate, which can lead to physical and psychological complaints.

Many people suffer from parasites in the intestine – without knowing it. If you would like to know more about this important topic, visit our large information platform “Common Disease Parasites”:

 

 

Healthy with good intestinal bacteria

The vital, good bacteria perform many important tasks:

o Defense from pathogens (pathogenic bacteria, viruses, etc.)
o Maintaining the pH value
o Preservation of the healthy intestinal mucosa
o Neutralization of carcinogenic components
o Production of digestive enzymes
o Synthesize certain vitamins (including vitamins K and K2, thiamine, folic acid and pyridoxine)
o Synthesize of enzymes and hormones
o Training and promotion of the immune system
o Conversion of sugar into short-chain fatty acids for energy production
o Support with the absorption of nutrients such as calcium and iron
o Helps the intestine with digestion

 

What harms the "good intestinal bacteria"

– Taking antibiotics
environmental toxins (e.g. toxic heavy and light metals)
Stress
gastrointestinal infections
Malnutrition (especially diets that are very high in fat, high in sugar and low in fiber)
Pesticides in food
Candida infection
parasite infestation

The resulting decrease in microbial abundance can lead to an increased susceptibility to disease and Parasites can increasingly spread in the intestine. A negative chain reaction, as these in turn destroy more good bacteria.

 

How can you promote “positive intestinal bacteria”?

Excursus: Probiotics
Many strains of the human microbiome were yet not discovered at all and those that are known, such as Bacteroidetes, can usually not be successfully grown outside of the body. The use in probiotics is not possible. The bacteria that could be grown can usually not survive long in powder. Probiotics often only contain lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. [23]

Positive intestinal bacteria can be promoted by fermented foods such as sauerkraut, kimchi, kefir, kombucha or sourly fermented vegetables. Every fermented food combination also has different bacteria. Therefore the greatest possible diversity should be ensured. [24]

In addition, there are some other foods that are prebiotic and probiotic, or promote beneficial intestinal bacteria. [25]

A list with these foods as well as corresponding recipes can be found in our free e-book “Gut-friendly recipes”. Download the book here:

 

Excursus: Difference between pre-, sym-and probiotics
A probiotic is a preparation made from living bacteria, which are said to have a beneficial effect on the body: an improvement in digestion, a reduction in pathogens and a Boost the immune system. However, this effect has never been clinically proven. Prebiotics are dietary fibers, which promote the growth and activity of the “good intestinal bacteria”. These include inulin and oligofructose, among others. A symbiotic is a combination of both. [26]

Warning!
Important note: As long as Parasites and mushrooms are in the intestine, no fermented foods should be consumed or probiotics should be taken. The bacteria are eaten immediately by the pathogens.

For the sustainable development of healthy and resilient intestinal flora, first carry out a holistic parasite cure. You can find a guide here :

 

 

The most important preserved probiotic strains of bacteria

o Lactobacillus acidophilus

→ Ferments sugar into lactic acid and produces amylase for the digestion of carbohydrates. It is also helpful in restoring the natural flora after a healed Fungal and parasite infection.

o Lactobacillus casei

→ occurs in the mouth, intestines, but also fermented vegetables. Seems to inhibit the growth of Helicobacter pylori and is therefore able to prevent or alleviate gastrointestinal diseases.

o Lactobacillus rhamnosus

→ Occurs in the mouth and digestive tract and in women also in the vagina and urinary tract.

Has been used successfully for rotavirus infections.

o Lactobacillus salivarius

→ Can suppress pathogenic bacteria.

o Streptococcus thermophilus

→ Occurs in fermented milk products
→ Can aid digestion of lactose

o Bifidobacterium bifidum

→ Resident of the large intestine
→ Supports treatment of Candida
→ Strengthens immune function

o Bifidobacterium longum

→ One of the first species in young children
→ Contributes to the inhibition of pathogens in the intestine

o Bifidobacterium lactis
→ Also known as B. animalis
→ Helpful for constipation and irritable bowel syndrome

[27]

 

How “bad” intestinal bacteria make us sick

When the pathogenic intestinal bacteria gain the upper hand (often triggered by a intestinal parasite infestation and/or malnutrition) leads to a disturbed intestinal flora. This can lead to the following complaints:

 

The symptoms of an overgrowth of the intestine

– Triggers and promotes allergies
Autism triggers
flatulence and flat stomach (Excessive gas formation)
Bladder infections (also chronic)
depression and other mental illnesses
Diarrhea and/or Constipation, bloating
Rashes and Skin Diseases
Food cravings, addiction to fatty or sugary foods
headache
Fatigue, exhaustion, low energy level, feeling of physical weakness
Metabolic disorders, overweight, obesity
Nutrient deficiency, deficiency symptoms
Immune weakness, susceptibility to diseases, recurring gastrointestinal infections
Abdominal discomfort
Intestinal inflammation, a trigger for inflammatory bowel disease
– Serious illnesses such as colon cancer or multiple sclerosis

[28]

For an evaluation of your intestinal health status you can carry out our free intestinal bacteria online test. Click here:

 

What promotes the negative intestinal bacteria?

The main promoters of pathogens in the intestine are intestinal parasites and the yeast Candida albicans.

How parasites promote harmful intestinal bacteria:

1. The parasitic worms, leeches and protozoa eat and kill healthy intestinal bacteria. This allows the pathogenic bacteria to spread more widely. [29]

2. Parasites form a biofilm in the intestine together with the negative bacteria. This promotes “bad” intestinal bacteria. Why this is so and all other relevant information about the biofilm can be found here: [30]

3. Parasites reduce the performance of the body defense. Mainly from so-called dendritic cells. [31] Precisely these have the task of protecting the intestines from pathogenic bacteria and to clean other pathogens.

4. Pathogenic agents (viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites) work together. For example, bad intestinal bacteria can protect themselves from antibiotic drugs and immune cells in parasites. They can multiply in the worms and then spread. [32]

Excursus: How parasites help other pathogens and thus cause chronic diseases
Research is able to prove that the recurring symptoms of chronic infectious diseases are due to the fact that antivirals and antibiotics are unable able to completely eradicate the pathogen .
The viruses, bacteria, yeasts and fungi live protected in parasites. As soon as the “air is clear”, they come out and infect the host again. This can take weeks or years. All information on how the pathogenic agents work together in the body can be found in our treatise on this topic:

5. Parasites poison the intestines with toxic gases and environmental toxins. [33] This will solve the Leaky Gut Syndrome. In addition, large numbers of good intestinal bacteria are killed.

 

So if you want to reduce the load of negative bacteria in the intestine, start by finding out whether you harbor parasites in the intestine.

We recommend that you use our free online parasite test for this. Clarity in just a few minutes:

 

what extent the diet affects "bad" intestinal bacteria

Sugar-rich diet: Tests have shown that a diet rich in industrial sugar can lead to an overgrowth of yeast, parasites and other pathogenic bacteria. Sugar is addictive because it increases the number of strains of bacteria and pathogenic bacteria that feed on it, creating even more cravings for sweets. [34]

Tip
Instead of using sugar, you can switch to xylitol, erythritol or stevia.

Digression: Bacteria decide what we eat

Harmful intestinal bacteria are able to influence our food choices by releasing molecules that affect our brain. Including hormones like serotonin, which affect our mood and make us feel good when we consume certain foods. Mostly high-sugar and/or high-fat foods. [35]

The intestinal bacteria can even change our taste receptors in such a way that the tastes and aromas of unhealthy food increasingly appeal to us. A sugary, starchy and fat-rich diet can cause a “feeding frenzy” for bad bacteria and promote their growth. [36]

High-fat diets: Scientists recently found that a diet high in the macronutrient fat promotes those bacteria that tend to be bad for our health. [37] It does not matter whether it is saturated or unsaturated fats. [38]

Pesticides: Chemicals in food, especially so-called pesticides, kill positive intestinal bacteria. [38B]

Too little water consumption: In order to inhibit bad intestinal bacteria, at least two liters of pure water should be drunk daily. [39]

Tip: drinking water quality
In the case of water, you should make sure that it does not contain any harmful microorganisms such as parasite eggs or pathogenic bacteria. Please find out more here:

 

Lack of fiber: If there is too little fiber in the diet, it can have more serious consequences for the microbiome than too much sugar, starch and fat. Food like:
– Legumes
– beans
– oatmeal
– apples
– nuts and
– seeds
have been shown to increase the number of helpful bacteria in the intestine. And with it, negative bacteria are automatically reduced. [40]

 

Not sure what to eat in order to stop promoting negative intestinal bacteria? Then download the free e-book “Gut-friendly recipes” here for free:

Stress: A study by Ohio State University showed that stress affects the amount of mucus production in the stomach, which changes the composition, variety and amount of intestinal bacteria. The number of harmful bacteria increases. [41]

Lack of oxygen: Most people breathe through their noses at night and have their mouths closed. The low levels of oxygen in the throat lead to an increase in anaerobic bacteria and their waste products create an unpleasant odor in the breath. Exactly the same thing happens in the intestines. If the body has too little oxygen (e.g. due to “incorrect breathing” or stress) the putrefaction processes dominate there. [42]

Note:
Parasites also reduce the body’s oxygen content. Find out more about this here .

To check whether you have parasites, use the free online parasite test.

excursus: People with a shift in the intestinal environment can experience permanent bad breath.

 

 

Lose weight with intestinal bacteria

Presumably in the first place not our genes, but our microbiome responsible for body weight. Just by examining intestinal bacteria, obesity can be predicted with a accuracy of 90%. Mothers transfer their microbiome to the children. Because of this, the children of overweight mothers often become obese.

 

Study: intestinal bacteria cause obesity in mice

Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis transferred the intestinal bacteria from identical twins, one of which was overweight and the other of normal weight, to two germ-free mice. After just a few weeks, the mouse to which the microbiome of the overweight twin was transferred was also overweight. While the other mouse stayed slim. [43]

More calories from the same food

In another experiment, mice were vaccinated with the bacteria from obese mice and gained weight as a result of this alone. The researchers found that the overweight mice were able to get more calories from exactly the same food. [44]

Does that also apply to humans?

This can also be applied to humans. If the intestinal bacteria get out of balance, you gain weight even though the absorption of calories has not changed. [45]

Yeasts and parasites also promote growth

To lose weight, overpopulation with Yeast fungi and Parasites extremely unfavorable. Because they can also lead to food cravings that are difficult to control. The rebuilding of a healthy intestinal flora can be decisive for the desired weight. [46]

You can find out how Parasites Food cravings trigger here.

How Parasites Obesity trigger here.

Bacteria have a direct impact on weight

Studies have shown that overweight children harbor a reduced number of beneficial Bacteroides bacteria and increased numbers of Staphylococcus aureus and Enterobacteriaceae. So Bacteroides can help you lose weight. [47]

Which intestinal bacteria make you fat?

American researchers discovered bacteria of the genus Firmicutes in the intestines of overweight people. They are able to extract additional calories from indigestible food. They are much less common in slim people. [48]

And now a second cause of weight gain is known: Clostridium ramosum. It stimulates the absorption of fat in the small intestine. [49]

In addition, scientists are now certain that overweight people have a poorer species intestinal flora. [50]

Which intestinal bacteria make you slim?

Intestinal bacteria that have been shown to make you slim are Bacteroidetes bacteria. [51]
They cannot be bred outside the body and accordingly cannot be fed into the body. However, there are ways to stimulate these bacteria in the gut.

Note
So far it has not yet been possible to develop a microbial colonization that actually allows people to lose weight.

How to promote bacteria that make you slim

It has been scientifically proven that parasites slimming Bacteroidetes bacteria. [52] In this way they can cause obesity. And not underweight, as is often assumed.

Excursus: Parasites make you fat!

worms, e.g. the rope worm eat micronutrients in the intestine. As a result, people are hungry and consume more food accordingly. It also releases toxins, which are stored in adipose tissue. Because of this, many people cannot lose weight because the body needs fat deposits.

To check whether you have parasites in the intestine, take our free online parasite test:

 

In order to become permanently slim, a holistic parasite cure should be applied first can be carried out.

Nicoletta told us in a video how well this works. Check it out:

 

In addition, slimming bacteria can be promoted through proper nutrition.

To do this, download our free e-book “Gut-friendly recipes”:

 

Build up healthy intestinal flora

Step 1: get rid of microbes that inhibit good gut bacteria

Candida albicans and Parasites should be treated with a parasite cure be removed from the intestine. How such a cure works, please refer to our guide:

 

Step 2: introducing good strains of bacteria

Notice
Some parasite cures, e.g. our test winner ParasiteExperts, already contain a Darmsanierung. This eliminates step 2.

Once the microbes that the bacteria would eat right away have been removed, it is time to bring in healthy bacteria.

The best methods are:

1. Fermented foods

Care should be taken that as many different ferments as possible are consumed. So:

– Various wild fermented vegetables
– Kombucha
– yogurt
– Tempeh
– Sauerkraut
– kefir
– Miso
– kimchi

2. Effective microorganisms (EM-1)

In addition, the good intestinal bacteria can be promoted with EM-1. This is a group of naturally occurring, health-promoting microorganisms.

Warning!
Only the original EM-1 solution should be used. The activated form EMa is not for intestinal rehabilitation suitable. Because the microorganisms have already combined with the bacteria in the environment and can no longer multiply.

As a rule, probiotics only contain lacto bacteria and possibly also bifidobacteria. EM-1, on the other hand, contain a broad spectrum of 80 different organisms.

Advantages of EM’s:
– They combine with the positive intestinal bacteria and thus promote them
– They create a favorable environment for beneficial bacteria
– They displace pathogenic bacteria
– They produce vitamins and enzymes in the intestines
– They reduce the build-up of putrefaction and gas

The taking of EM-1

– Daily intake for at least 6 months
– Use with a meal or with pure water
– Start with 3 drops three times a day
– From day 4 onwards, slowly increase the amount by one drop per day
– Increase up to 1 tbsp per serving
[53]

Warning! An overdose can lead to abdominal pain, gas or diarrhea.

Tip: microbiome-friendly lifestyle
During the Parasite Cure and Darmsanierung should be on nicotine and alcohol. In addition, avoid stress, regularly exercise and chew your food thoroughly. Also, pay attention to a bacteria-friendly body care (natural organic products). Drink plenty of pure water. Pay attention to a gut bacteria-friendly diet: fresh, organic, high in fiber, low in sugar and fully supplied with micronutrients.

Rezepte für eine darmfreundliche Ernährung finden Sie in unserem kostenfreien eBook:

 

FAQ: Frequently asked questions and answers on the subject of "intestinal bacteria"

  • Lactobacillus acidophilus
  • Lactobacillus casei
  • Lactobacillus rhamnosus
  • Lactobacillus salivarius
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Bifidobacterium bifidum
  • Bifidobacterium longum
  • Bifidobacterium lactis

The most important bacterial strains researched so far are:

  • Bacteroides
  • Firmicutes
  • Proteobacteria
  • Actinobacteria

Studies show that one alcoholic drink during the day can trigger dysbiosis and excessive bacterial growth. Lactobacilli decrease and the number of potential pathogens and parasites increases. This increases the levels of toxins and other chemicals that cause inflammation, damage the liver, and increase the permeability of the intestines. The liver and intestines are in close contact with one another. The risk of liver damage increases when the intestinal barrier is damaged. (Leaky good) [54]

When a baby passes through the birth canal, it becomes colonized with lactobacilli and other indispensable microbes. Caesarean section babies have to forego this important step and their germs correspond to those found on the skin of adults. [55]

Often these children suffer from colic, asthma, allergies, type 1 diabetes and other autoimmune diseases.

The microbiologist Dr. Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello and others discovered a way to provide babies born by caesarean section with the important microbes. Immediately after birth, the newborns are rubbed with a gauze pad that has been soaked in the mother’s vaginal fluid. [56]

Even small amounts of chlorine are very toxic to indispensable microbes.

With water filters for domestic use, not only chlorine, antibiotics, pesticides, but also parasites and other pathogens can be removed from tap water.

90% of all patients with neurodermatitis and eczema harbor bacteria of the Staphylococcus aureus species. If these bacteria spread excessively, disease flare-ups occur because the microbial diversity of the skin microbiome decreases.

Clostridium difficile is particularly common in hospitals.
Overgrowth of the intestine often leads to severe diarrhea and even massive inflammation of the dam.

In addition to skin irritation, staphylococci often cause food poisoning with symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps or diarrhea.

If Bacteroides multiply in your intestines, Firmicutes decrease, and so do you.

If your Bacteroidetes strains dominate, the likelihood of obesity is lower.

The microbiome of obese people produces significantly more enzymes, the indigestible carbohydrates how cellulose can split. This means that much more energy can be obtained from food. [57]

An intact vaginal flora with sufficient lactic acid bacteria can easily keep transferred intestinal bacteria at bay. A preparation with lactobacilli is recommended for treatment. These ensure that intestinal bacteria cannot spread excessively.

E. coli bacteria and enterococci can cause urinary tract infections. Usually these bacteria live as useful members in the intestinal flora.
However, if they migrate from the anus to the urethra, the urinary tract can become inflamed and can be detected in the urine.

With Leaky Gut Syndrome the barrier function of the small intestine wall is disturbed.
This allows microorganisms and toxins to enter the bloodstream from the intestines. [58]
This is often the trigger for a variety of ailments and diseases.

Dr. Peer Bork (bioinformatician at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg) and his research team discovered the existence of the various bacterial communities in the human body in 2011.

He subdivided the enterotypes according to the dominant bacterial strains.

  • Enterotype 1: Common in people who eat a lot of meat and sausage
    – There is less bacterial diversity
    – Bacteroides bacteria dominate and can break down sugar better and make it available to the body more quickly.

& nbsp;

  • Enterotype 2: More common in vegetarians or high-carbohydrate diets
    Prevotella bacteria dominate. They specialize in breaking down sugars and proteins

& nbsp;

  • Enterotype 3: Often occurs in mixed diets (predominant in 70% of people)

Ruminococcus dominates. Involved in the breakdown of mucilage and sugar

The composition of food controls our microbial composition. If we eat a lot of carbohydrates, carbohydrate-digesting bacteria multiply. Like us, the protein-splitting bacteria predominate in a protein-rich diet. Chemicals (e.g. pesticides) in food kill bacteria.

The aim is to restore the microbiome in diversity, abundance, communication and activity. If the intestinal flora is healed, the entire body regenerates.

1. G. Beckmann and A. Rüffer, Microecology of the intestine, Schlütersche GmbH & Co. KG, Hanover, 2000
2. Disease-causing intestinal bacteria
3. Federal Ministry of Education and Research: We are settled: intestinal bacteria affect our health
4. (Rob Knight, Brenda Buhler, We are many, Fischer, 2016, p. 39)
5. U. M. Spornitz, Anatomy and Physiology, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 3rd edition, 2002)
6. Federal Ministry of Education and Research: We are settled: intestinal bacteria affect our health
7. Federal Ministry of Education and Research: We are settled: intestinal bacteria affect our health
8. Microbiota
9. Federal Ministry of Education and Research: We are settled: intestinal bacteria affect our health
10. G. Thews and P. Vaupel, Vegetative Physiology, Springer Medizin-Verlag, Heidelberg, 5th edition, 2005
11. R. Klinke and S. Silbernagl, Physiology textbook, Thieme-Verlag, Stuttgart, 3rd edition, 2001
12. (H. Hof, bacteriology, in: medical microbiology, (H. Hof and R. Dörris, eds.), Gerog Thieme Verlag KG, Stuttgart, 5th edition, 2014)
13. Sylvia Hammer, Antibiotika and their effect on the intestinal microbiome - importance of probiotics, diploma thesis, 2016)
14. Wikipedia: Firmicutes
15. Sylvia Hammer, Antibiotika and their effect on the intestinal microbiome - importance of probiotics, diploma thesis, 2016)
16. The intestine thinks for itself: smarter thanks to Bacteroides
17. Biomes world: The slimming bacteria Bacteroidetes
18. Wikipedia: Bacteroides
19. F. M. Unger and H. Viernstein, Gut health, publishing house of the Ärzte GmbH, Vienna, 1st edition, 2013.
20. (Bercik et al. 2011)
21. (Ohland et al. 2013)
22. J Fungi (Basel),On Commensalism of Candida, 2020)
23. Dr. Anne Katharina Zschocke, naturally healing with bacteria. Atverlag, 2016, p. 223)
24. Dr. Anne Katharina Zschocke, naturally healing with bacteria. Atverlag, 2016
25. Dr. Anne Katharina Zschocke, naturally healing with bacteria. Atverlag, 2016
26. NDR: Pro- and Prebiotics
27. Dr. Anne Katharina Zschocke, naturally healing with bacteria. Atverlag, 2016
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29. Das Mikroben-Konglomerat: How viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites work together
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